Fear of attacks strikes global transport and logistics industry

London, UK: Cyber, hacker, pirate and terrorist attacks are expected to rise across the global supply chain over the next 20 years and firms should plan now to protect their assets, says a new PwC report.

Cyber attacks are now so sophisticated that any business, or even country, could be at risk warns PwC’s Volume 4 of the Transport & Logistics’ 2030 series: Securing the Supply Chain.  The report, undertaken jointly with the Supply Chain Management Institute at EBS Business School in Germany, surveyed 80 executives across business, science and government. Participants were asked to assess the probability of a variety of hypotheses on a scale of 0-100%.

On average those surveyed says there was a 56% probability of a rise in attacks in some form. It is not just cyber attacks that firms need to prepare for, the report says, they also need to be prepared to handle natural or man-made disasters. Overall, those surveyed says they were even more concerned with hacker attacks affecting their supply chains than they were actual physical attacks. Recent research also shows that the German internet, for example, is attacked every two seconds.

Klaus-Dieter Ruske, partner and Global Transportation and Logistics Industry Leader at PwC, says: “The supply relationships between producers, suppliers and consumers have become more complex and more accident-sensitive in the last few years. Today 90% of the worldwide trading volume is concentrating on about 39 gateway regions. If only a single one of these hubs fails, the economic consequences could be enormous after just a short period of time, and affect most economies around the globe.

“As a consequence of the increasing threat, the transportation and logistics companies’ expenditures on security will broadly rise. Thus, capital investment on security, also on security of IT systems, will be one of the most important cost drivers of the logistics industry,” he says.

Businesses are urged to devise and execute contingency plans now, as the economic impact of such attacks could be devastating, the report says. Assaults on certain, highly-frequented ‘chokepoints’, a geographic bottleneck with only one narrow transport link across a valley or bridge, are predicted to be potential targets.

Some examples of chokepoints in global shipping include the Strait of Homuz, the Suez Canal and the Panama Canal. Egypt, for example, already loses more than $640mn each year because shipping companies are avoiding the passage through the piracy-threatened Gulf of Aden and the Suez Canal.

In spite of the rising risk there will not be any renunciation of highly diversified international division of work, according to the report. Survey respondents say there was a 70% probability of logistics companies having to perform obligatory security checks on their whole supply chain, and they say there was a 60% probability that modern technology would offer businesses better protection.

Freight screening as well as ‘risk’ profiling of employees, and using trusted shipping operators, will also help businesses stay ahead of the hackers, the report says.

“Enterprises will have to analyse and counteract every possible scenario of danger to protect their supply chains,” Ruske says:

“It is not just about prevention, but also about developing alternatives for the case of emergency. Thus every enterprise should be prepared to quickly compensate any drop out of a supplier.”

Attacks can be due to a natural disaster. Iceland’s volcanic eruption in 2010 caused a ripple effect across the world. The airline industry lost around $1.7bn in revenues when over 100,000 flights were cancelled in six days.

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